Women often continue to work long into their pregnancies and sometimes practically up until they give birth. However, employer discrimination against pregnant women is still widespread in this country.
Americans are living longer and staying healthy and active well into their senior years. That means that more people are working past the one-time "traditional" retirement age of 65. Even for many people who'd like to retire, it's not an option. They have debt, on-going living expenses and family members to support. They need to continue working.
One of the outgrowths of the #MeToo movement is the spotlight it's placed on the high rate of sexual harassment suffered by restaurant workers. They can be the victims of not only harassment but abuse and assault by co-workers, managers and customers.
Too often, employees who are being harassed or discriminated against at work hesitate to make a complaint out of fear that a boss or colleagues will retaliate against them -- only making the situation worse. They need their jobs, so they deal with the behavior -- sometimes to the detriment of their own mental and physical health.
Most everyone knows that it's illegal for employers to discriminate against someone based on his or her disability when deciding whom to hire, promote or terminate. Thanks to the Americans with Disabilities Act (ADA), employers also have an obligation to make "reasonable accommodations to the known physical or mental limitations of an otherwise qualified individual with a disability."
Employment discrimination of all kinds often involves some level of ignorance about what impact certain characteristics have on people's ability to do a job. That's often the case with age discrimination. In a society that seems to worship youth, people who have hit 40 or older are too often not considered as capable of doing a job as a younger person.
You'd think that an iconic international company like Nike would have so many systems in place to prevent inappropriate and illegal workplace behavior that it would be rare. However, nearly a dozen executives have recently left the company amid widespread allegations of harassment and discrimination directed at women in the company.
In 1963, the Equal Pay Act was signed into law to mandate that people should be paid the same amount for doing the same job, regardless of gender. In the ensuing 55 years, many factors have perpetuated gender wage disparity. Statistics vary, but a recent report indicated that the average woman earns 80.5 cents for every dollar earned by men. Men on average earn more than $10,000 a year more than women.
You landed an interview for your dream job. You've got the experience and skills to excel. Then the person interviewing you asks some questions that make you uncomfortable and seem irrelevant to whether you're a good fit for the position. How do you know if these questions are permitted? If they aren't, how do you gracefully refrain from answering them without jeopardizing your chances of being hired?
Most of us spend a good chunk of our waking hours at work. Therefore, our life can become highly unpleasant if someone in our workplace is regularly unkind or even a bully to us. At what point does that behavior cross over into harassment, and when does a situation become a "hostile work environment" that may require legal action to remedy?