Federal laws prohibit job discrimination based on an employee’s or applicant’s race, color, sex, age (40 or older), religion, national origin or disability.
It is also illegal to discriminate against someone because he or she complained about discrimination or participated in an investigation into employment discrimination.
The U.S. Equal Employment Opportunity Commission (EEOC) is the agency that enforces federal laws that prohibit job discrimination.
If your legal rights have been violated by your employer, the first thing to do is to start the EEOC charge process. This generally has four stages, and it allows your employer to respond to the complaint.
Important Things to Understand About the EEOC Charge Process
- Know that the EEOC has concrete deadlines. For example, a charge generally has to be filed within 180 days from the day the discrimination occurred. The time limit may be extended in some situations. Speak with a lawyer as soon as possible if you have questions about the deadline.
- You will need a “right-to-sue” letter from the EEOC. Obtaining this Notice-of-Right-to-Sue is a necessary step if you intend to sue your employer.
- Once you have received your “right-to-sue” letter, you have a deadline to file a lawsuit. Generally, the lawsuit must be filed within 90 days of receiving the Notice-of-Right-to-Sue. In some cases, it is possible to have the deadline extended. Again, speak with a lawyer as soon as possible if you have questions about the deadlines.
At The Zoldan Law Group, we understand the EEOC process in Arizona, and we have extensive experience in handling even the most difficult employment law cases. Our clients turn to us for strong, tenacious representation. Please see our employment law overview if you would like to learn more about your rights.